Target Species

Target Species – Yellow Fin Bream

target species yellow fin bream1The Yellow Fin Bream is one of Australia’s most important recreational and commercial fish species due to their ability to thrive in salt and fresh water environments. Over the years they have adapted to be versatile enough to feed on a large variety of estuarine food sources and cope with the introduction of human influence extremely well making them one of the most popular target species available throughout the Australia.

Yellow Fin Bream are one of the most widely distributed species in Australia and are located from the far south of WA near Kalbarri, throughout the northern Kimberley to the whole east coast of Australia. They are most prevalent in the estuarine systems of NSW and QLD.

target species yellow fin breamThese fish are an incredibly slow growing species, reaching maturity at around 15 – 20cm (5.0 – 7.9 inches) in length and 2 – 3 years of age. They possess immature ovaries and testes at this early stage and not until the bream’s first spawn will it decide whether it wants to be a female or a male. Spawning takes place between November to January throughout Australia with water temperature, salinity, availability of food and appropriate habitat all playing a major role in the spawning success of the species. Reaching maximum recorded lengths of 65cm (26 inches) and 4kg (8.2 lbs) in weight although most encountered specimens average around 800 grams (1.8 lbs) with anything over a kilo regarded as being a quality fish.

Yellow Fin Bream prefer most estuary habitats and inshore waters from shallow sandy and muddy bays to deeper channels and areas with both natural and man-made structures. Wharves, piers, pylons, drains, rock walls and jetties are always a great place to find bream as they shelter from predators and feed on a wide variety of food sources.

Rods

Suggested bream fishing rods come in all different lengths and actions. It is best to choose a rod based upon the lure that you are using.

As a general rule the number of hooks dictates the action of the rod, more hooks i.e. crankbaits use a softer rod to avoid straightening or pulling fine gauge treble hooks.

In the case of a jighead which has stronger thicker hooks requires a faster stiffer rod to set the hook.

Crankbaits

Crankbait fishing is popular especially during the cooler months on the Gold Coast.

Length: 182cm – 213cm (6’0” – 7’0”)

Line Rating: 1-3kg (2.20462-6.61387 lb) , 2-4 kg (4.40925-8.81849 lb)

Action: Medium to slow action

Jerkbaits

Length: 182cm – 198cm (6’0” – 6’6”)

Line Rating: 1-3kg (2.20462-6.61387 lb) , 2-4 kg (4.40925 8.81849 lb)

Action: Fast tippy action

Soft Plastics

Length: 182cm – 213cm (6’0” – 7’0”)

Line Rating: 1-3kg (2.20462-6.61387 lb) , 2-4 kg (4.40925-8.81849 lb)

Action: Fast to extra fast action

Topwater

Length: 182cm – 198cm (6’0” – 6’6”)

Line Rating: 1-3kg (2.20462-6.61387 lb)

Action: Medium to slow action

Vibration/Blades/Crabs

Length: 182cm – 213cm (6’0” – 7’0”)

Line Rating: 2-4 kg (4.40925-8.81849 lb)

Action: Fast to extra fast action

Reels

Small threadlines or fixed spool reels are the most popular. Due to the lightweight and small nature of the lures, baitcasters/overheads/drum reels are not popular.

The most popular reels for bream are small 1500 – 3000 sized spinning reels with the suggested following features.

Drag – ultra smooth for using light line and fine gauge hooks

Gear ratio – this depends on the lure. Example: slow lures like crankbaits use a low gear ration reel like 4.9 : 1. For faster lures example jerkbaits, a 6.0 :1 is popular

Line capacity – shallow spools are popular as bream do not swim long distances when they are hooked. A spool that holds 100m (328 feet) is ample.

Line

Line is a personal choice, some anglers like PE/Braid with a leader, others straight through Fluorocarbon monofilament line.

As previously mentioned in rods/reels, the decision on the type of line reflects upon the lure, more hooks need stretch in the line so use monofilament, less hooks less stretch in the line.

Crankbaits: 1-2kg (2.20462-4.40925 lb) Fluorocarbon monofilament line

Jerkbaits: 2-3kg (4.40925-6.61387 lb) Fluorocarbon monofilament line

Soft Plastics: 2-5kg (4.40925-11.0231 lb) PE/Braid with a leader

Topwater: 2-5kg (4.40925-11.0231 lb) PE/Braid with a leader

Vibration/Blades/Crabs: 2-5kg (4.40925-11.0231 lb) PE/Braid with a leader

Leader

Leader is required for PE/braided lines, the most popular are 1-4kg (2.20462-8.81849 lb)  fluorocarbons. There are two main reasons for using Fluorocarbon leader.

  1. The water at the Gold Coast is very clear, fish are less likely to be spooked or shy away from lures.
  2. Fluorocarbon is tough and abrasive resistant. Most bream will hold near structure like docks, piers, rocks etc. and will immediately swim for them when hooked.

Lures

Lures come in all shapes, sizes, colours etc. and its almost impossible to suggest or recommend every possible lure. In general, small lures/soft plastics are recommended in more natural colours.

Crankbaits

Length: 30mm to 60mm (1.1811 to 2.3622 inches)

Depth: 50cm – 3m (19.685 inches to 9.8425167 feet)

Suggested Brands/Models: Jackall Chubby, Pro Lure S36/D36, 0SP Dunk, Atomic Crank, Ecogear SX/CX, Zipbait B Switcher

Jerkbaits

Length: 50mm to 75mm (1.9685 to 2.95276 inches)

Depth: 50cm – 3m (1.6404167 to 9.8425167 feet)

Suggested Brands/Models: Daiwa Double Clutch, Daiwa Presso, Lucky Craft Flash Minnow, Ecogear MW, Jackall Squirrel, Zipbait Khamsin, Duo Realis Minnow, Duo Ryuki Spearhead

Soft Plastics

Length: 30mm to 75mm (1.1811 to 2.95276 inches)

Depth: depending on jig weight

Suggested Brands/Models: Ecogear, Berkley, Z-Man, Strikepro, etc.

Topwater

Length: 50mm to 75mm (1.9685 to 2.95276 inches)

Depth: topwater

Suggested Brands/Models: Bassday Sugarpen, Daiwa Silver Wolf, OSP Bent Minnow, Tiemco TT Pencil, Atomic Hardz K9

Vibes/Blades

Length: 40mm to 60mm (1.5748 to 2.3622 inches)

Depth: 5m (16.4042 feet)

Suggested Brands/Models: Ecogear VX, Ecogear ZX, Strikepro Cyber Vibe, Pro Lure V35, Atomic Vibe, Jackall Chubby Vibe

Crabs

Length: 30mm to 60mm (1.1811 to 2.3622 inches)

Depth: 50cm – 3m (19.685 inches to 9.8425167 feet)

Suggested Brands/Models: Cranka Crabs, Ecogear Marukyu Crab, Bait Breath Rockin Crab